BBC drama, timeProvides a rare and very realistic glimpse into the severe pain of imprisonment in England and Wales. He challenged the assumption that prisons were too flexible and that prison decisions should be longer and stricter. Such sentiments are repeatedly reflected in political rhetoric. Boris Johnson once complained that “Soft” was “the best way to serve French cheese”, but not “how to approach the punishment of criminals”.

However, the idea that England and Wales are vulnerable to conviction is a myth. According to our new survey, courts are sending more people to prison at older and younger ages than at any time in history. In addition, this experience hurts terribly young men and women.

The UK Justice Department recently announced one of the most punitive Reforms proposed Outlining the government’s vision for ‘harsher’ and ‘tougher’ sentences in UK and Wales and sentenced to remembrance d ‘man. Subsequent legislation promises longer sentences for those who have been sentenced for the “worst” and most serious. Violent crimes. This includes life imprisonment (often referred to as “life imprisonment without parole”). Young people aged 18 to 20. This penalty is currently reserved for people over 21 years of age.

More and more life imprisonment

In England and Wales, life imprisonment is technically 99 years. However, the judge sets what is called a “tariff”. minimum The period during which a person is to be detained. The rest of the sentence, the rest of a person’s natural life, is provided by the community. However, “life imprisonment” can be returned to prison (without trial) until death.

In the United Kingdom and Wales, around 7,000 prisoners were sentenced to life imprisonment. That’s it More than any other country in Europe. As mentioned in our recent book, Life imprisonment from adulthood: adaptation, identity, duration The average prices offered by those sentenced to life imprisonment increased rapidly from 2012 in 2003 to 21 in 2016 in a short period of time. relatively short. It’s been almost 10 more years in prison.

Data from the Ministry of Justice. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) demand shows a rapid and significant increase in the number of young people sentenced to life imprisonment for such long minimum rates. The number of young people (under 25) sentenced to life imprisonment for more than 15 years increased by more than half, from 917 to 1,394 between 2013 and 2020. This means that in just seven years, almost 500 young men and women were sentenced to at least ten and a half years in prison.

In some cases, this corresponds to a number of years longer than they were alive. A minimum fee of 25 or 30 years is not uncommon for a murder. The starting point for mandatory convictions for murder with a knife and a gun, respectively.

The number of young blacks sentenced to life imprisonment has also increased considerably, representing 29% of minors living in prison and sentenced to a minimum fee of 15 years or more (up from 24% in 2013). This number is grossly disproportionate to the percentage of blacks in the general population (3.3%) in England and Wales. Conversely, despite the fact that whites make up 86% of the community’s population, the proportion of whites serving long sentences from a young age increased from 59% in 2013 to 51% in 2020.

These data show that the current tariff system is by no means “soft” towards young people convicted of serious violence. Rather, we are prepared to impose ever longer minimums. Imprisonment For those who have not yet reached adulthood and are disproportionately black.

Punitive populism

The question we must ask ourselves is why the government pretends that decisions about serious young criminals are soft when the truth is not. a very long decision does not have clear evidence that a person is better prepared for a successful return to society after release. length? In fact, a study in the Netherlands turns out that longer imprisonment may increase the risk of reoffending.

It is clear that these phenomena were the direct result of legislative changes, which were those of the government. Communicate symbolically A lasting commitment to law and order. As discussed in our book, he tends to be more demanding in prison. This includes politicians who seek public support by blaming “soft” justice and promoting tougher penalties for criminals. This process, also contributed by the media, results in a coherent devaluation of the “currency” of the sentence. Therefore, what was once accepted as long (or long) Sufficient) Punishment no longer satisfies the desire for retaliation – and this accelerates over time.

However, applying such an increasingly punitive approach to adolescents overlooks recent developments in developmental psychology. “Inappropriate” Make people under 25 accountable for the same moral, emotional and cognitive expectations as those over 26. This position is based on neurobiological evidence. emotional regulation is not fully developed until the onset of adulthood.

Therefore, current general and political demands for longer sentences for adolescents cannot account for the extraordinary increase in the number of adolescents detained for long periods over the past decade. It also ignores the evidence that young people convicted of murder are often cognitively, emotionally and socially vulnerable. Finally, he ignores studies showing that young people already experience life imprisonment in a particularly cataclysmic and extremely painful way.

Judgment using algorithms can reduce the length of imprisonment

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Quote: Https: //phys.org/news/2021-08-myth-soft-young.html against a serious young criminal (August 6, 2021) obtained on August 6, 2021 It’s a myth that we are too “soft”

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